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Holy Family Hospital provides complete care to women from birth to full journey of life

What is Gynecology?

Gynecology is the study of the female reproductive system, its functions, disorders, and diseases and it includes all age groups, childhood onwards.

This can include complaints ranging from menstrual problems to uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts and cervical polyps, adolescents issues, marriage counseling, premenstrual worries, conceiving problems etc. Gynecologists can also provide advice on contraception and disorders of early pregnancy.

Common gynecological operations include hysterectomy, colposcopy, laparoscopic surgery (pinhole), uterus & ovarian tumors, appendix, hernia, prolapse, vaginal repairs post delivery etc


When should you consult a Gynecologist?

Some of the common concerns for seeing a gynecologist are:

  • Abdomen pain unrelated to periods
  • Nausea and vomiting with indigestion
  • Heavy periods
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Intermittent or irregular periods
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain during or between periods
  • Itching or burning
  • Irregular discharge
  • Annual health checkup

Nearly every woman will suffer from a gynecological problem at some time in her life. It may not be life-threatening, and may only affect them at certain times of the month, but it can still have an impact on their quality of life and ability to do everyday things.The Gynecological Units at Holy Family Hospital offer wide range of treatment:


A hysterectomy is a surgery to remove a woman’s uterus (also known as the womb). The uterus is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. During the surgery, the whole uterus is usually removed. Your doctor may also remove your fallopian tubes and ovaries. After a hysterectomy, you no longer have menstrual periods and cannot become pregnant.


The following operations are best performed through a laparoscope:

  • Hysterectomies
  • Removal of fibroids
  • Ovarian cyst removal
  • Vaginal repairs post delivery
  • Removal of tubes or ovaries
  • Pelvic floor repair for prolapse
  • Appendix
  • Hernia


Fibroids are growths that form in the uterus (womb). They are benign (not cancerous) and are made up of muscle fiber. Fibroids can be as small as a pea and can grow as large as a melon. Fibroids are most common in women in their 30s and 40s and tend to shrink after the menopause.


Pap smear is a diagnostic test of a sample of cells collected from the surface of a woman’s cervix (the lower, narrow end of a woman’s uterus) to check for inflammation, infection or abnormalities that may develop into cancer. A Colposcopy is a procedure in which a special magnifying device with a light called a colposcope is used to visually examine the vagina and cervix. This procedure is normally carried out after a smear result is found to be abnormal as it gives more information about abnormal cells that could lead to cancer. The procedure can be used to direct the location of where a tissue biopsy should be done and it can also be used to monitor treatment of cervix abnormalities.


Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a disorder marked by physical and emotional symptoms. It affects women one or two weeks before the beginning of their menstrual period. The cause of PMS is unknown. It may be that a complex combination of environmental, metabolic, and behavioral factors causes vulnerability to the hormonal changes associated with menstruation. A brain chemical, serotonin, may play a role in severe forms of PMS.


Endometriosis is a chronic disease involving endometrial tissue. Normally, endometrial tissue is found only inside the uterus, the reproductive organ where a foetus develops. In endometriosis, endometrial-like tissue is found outside the uterus. It may be found on organs in the abdomen, pelvis, or another location. Outside the uterus, the tissue continues to respond to hormones. It swells, breaks down, and bleeds, but it is unable to pass through the body during menstruation. Thus surrounding tissue becomes inflamed, often with scarring.


Women need contraception for most of their reproductive life and their needs differ at different stages – teenage, early (20 to 35 years old), late reproductive (36 to 45 years old) and premenopausal. All methods of contraception including surgical, pills, patches, injections, implants, vaginal diaphragm and various coils (namely copper IUCD and Mirena) are provided, tailored to your individual needs.


Urinary incontinence is the loss of voluntary bladder control leading to the leakage of urine. It can be temporary or chronic. Incontinence is a symptom, not a condition in itself and may have several different causes.


Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria that invade the urinary system and multiply. The infection can occur in any part of the urinary system, but usually starts in the urethra (a tube that carries the urine out of the body).

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious infection of the female reproductive organs. These include the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. PID can cause scar tissue to form in the pelvis and fallopian tubes. This damage may result in infertility, a future tubal pregnancy, or chronic pelvic pain.


Your uterus (womb) is normally held in place by various muscles, tissue, and ligaments. Prolapse of the uterus occurs when the muscles supporting the uterus become so weak that the uterus cannot stay in place so it slips down from its normal position. This can happen in various stages.


These services are dedicated to helping women, and their partners, care for and enjoy their sexual health. Seeing a specialist assures expert treatment and confidential advice. We listen with respect, thus giving you the confidence to discuss even the most embarrassing concerns with ease, care, and confidentiality.

How is diagnosis of Gynaecological problems done?

The type of treatment you will receive will depend on your symptoms, your age and whether you wish to have children. We at Holy Family Hospital will assess your condition and give you an expert opinion. If further diagnostic tests or treatment are required, these will be explained fully during your consultation.

Common diagnostic tests:

  • Pelvic examination
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound scan
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Colposcopy
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